Average salary

Gross earnings / average salary / constitute major part of total labour costs.

However, comparisons of labour costs based on data on average gross earnings have certain limitations.

For countries where such data is collected by local national statistical offices coverage may vary in terms of

sectors covered: whole economy, economy excluding agriculture, manufacturing sector
ownership sectors: all enterprises, public sector, private sector
geographic coverage: total country, metropolitan areas, capital city
scope: all enterprises, enterprises employing certain minimum number of employees
units: all employees, full time, full time equivalent

Those issues are especially pertinent when dealing with data from emerging markets beyond the CEE region where statistical reporting is not as sophisticated.

Even when coverage and methodology is comparable, data on gross salary disregards the level of additional costs on top of gross earnings. In the CEE region additional obligatory social security contributions paid on top of gross earnings vary from 15% to 50% between different countries.


Average monthly gross earnings in Euro, 2013


Country


Slovenia
1 523
Croatia
1 048
Czech Republic
965
Estonia
949
Poland
870
Slovakia
824
Hungary
777
Latvia
716
Russia
705
Lithuania
646
Romania
490
Bulgaria
413
Ukraine
308
Source: Database Central Europe

Average monthly gross earnings in us dollars 1996-2011

Average monthly gross earnings in emerging markets 2009